The Opinion of well-known Muslim Scholars on The Finality of Prophethood (Khatmay-Nabuwat)
(In Chronological Order)
Imam Aby Hanifa (80-150 A.H.) is of the opinion that asking for the
proof of prophethood from any claimant to prophethood after Prophet
Muhammad(SAW) is itself Kufr
(unbelief); since the
Prophet(SAW) has himself said that
there is no Prophet after him.
(Manaqibul Imam-e-Azam Abi Hanifa Ahmad Bin Makki, P.
161, Vo.1, Hyderabad)
Imam Tahaavi (239-321 A.H.) has declared that Prophet
Muhammad(SAW) is the Chosen Servant
as well as the chosen and beloved Prophet of
Allah(SWT). He is the last
of Prophets, Leader of the pious ones, Chief of the Prophets and beloved
of Allah the Almighty; after him the claim of Prophethood is transgression
and following of Satan.
(Sharhut-Tahavia Fil Aqa'idatus Salfiah, P. 15, Egypt)
Allama Ibn-e-Hazam of Spain (384-456 A.H.) says that surely the line
of Prophethood is finished up after Prophet
Muhammad(SAW), because there is
no more Revelations (Vahi) from
Allah(SWT) and Allah has already
declared that Prophet
Muhammad(SAW) is not the father
of any man among you but that he is the Prophet of Allah and the Seal of
(Al-Mohalli, P. 26, Vol. 1)
Imam Ghazali (450-505 A.H.) has written that the unanimous opinion
of the entire Ummah is that by the Hadith "Laa-Nabi Ba'di"
, the Prophet(SAW) meant that after
him neither any Nabi will come nor any Rasool. The
Ummah is also unanimous on this point that there is no scope of any
other meaning or exception to it.
(Al-Iqtisaad Fil Eteqaad, Al-Matba-a-Tul Adabia, P. 114, Egypt)
Qazi Ayaz (D. 544 A.H.) is of the opinion that anyone who claims to
be a Prophet (after Prophet
Muhammad(SAW)) or says that he is
getting Revelations from
Allah(SWT) is a Kafir.
(Shifa, P. 270, Vol. 2)
"..Similarly, anyone who claims to be a Prophet with of after our
Holy Prophet(SAW) .... or claims
prophethood for himself or thinks that receiving prophethood is permitted
or thinks that anyone can reach the status of prophethood through the purity
of heart .... Similarly, anyone who claims to receive revelations, even if
he does not clearly claims prophethood, .... All such people are
Kafir, because they are disbelieving the Holy
Prophet(SAW) who has informed us
that He(SAW) is the Final Prophet,
there won't be any Prophet after him, and that
He(SAW) has been sent for the entire
mankind. The entire Ummah is united in this stance.
According to the Holy Quran, Sunnah, and Ajma'a (unanimity of Ummah),
the Kufr of such persons is absolute.... Anyone who is against this
consensus (jma'a) upon the Kofr of the claimant of prophethood is
also a Kafir."
Allama Shehristani (D. 544 A.H.) is of the view that if anyone says
that after Prophet
Muhammad(SAW) there is any Prophet
to come (excepting
Jesus(pbuh)), there is no doubt
in his being a Kafir.
(Al-Milal Wan Nahal, P. 249, Vol. 3)
Allama Ibne Nojeim (D. 970 A.H.) has written that anyone, who does
not accept Muhammad(SAW) to be the
last prophet, is not a Muslim at all. The knowledge and acceptance
of this fundamental belief of Islam is compulsory to all.
(Al-Ashbah Wan Nazaair, Kitabus-Siyar, Babur Riwwah, P. 179)
If a man does not accept that Prophet
Muhammad(SAW) is the very last prophet,
he is not a Muslim; and if he says that he himself is a prophet of
Allah(SWT), he should be viewed
as a Kafir.
(Fataawa-e-Alamgeeri, P. 263, Vol. 2)
If someone does not keep this belief that Hazrat
Muhammad(SAW) is The Last Prophet
or claims in persian that "I am a Messenger" and he means that he conveys
the message (of Allah(SWT)), even
then he becomes a Kafir.
(Fatwaa-e-Alamgeeri, P. 263, Vol. 3)
Maulana Ali Qari (D. 1016 A.H.) says thgat after the Prophethood of
our Prophet(SAW) claim of prophethood
(Shar-he-Fiqah-e-Akbar, P. 202)