[qadianism] Re: The Finality of Prophethood - Concensus of Scholars
By imam @irshad.org

Allah(SWT) has decreed in His Book:

    "O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger,
    and those charged with authority among you. If you differ in
    anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger,
    if you do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and
    most suitable for final determination."
            (The Holy Quran, An-Nisa, 4:59)

Great mujaddids and scholars of Islam have universally accepted
the concept of absolute Finality of Prophethood.  The rulings of a
few of these great scholars are presented below for your reference.
I hope that people who claim to believe in the divinity of the holy
Quran, will take heed of the warning of these learned scholars who
are charged with authority from among us.

Imam Aby Hanifa (80-150 A.H.) is of the opinion that asking
for the proof of prophethood from any claimant to prophethood
after Prophet Muhammad(SAW) is itself Kufr (unbelief); since
the Prophet(SAW) has himself said that there is no Prophet
after him.
    (Manaqibul Imam-e-Azam Abi Hanifa Ahmad Bin Makki,
        P. 161, Vo.1, Hyderabad)

Imam Tahaavi (239-321 A.H.) has declared that Prophet
Muhammad(SAW) is the Chosen Servant as well as the chosen
and beloved Prophet of Allah(SWT).  He is the last of Prophets,
Leader of the pious ones, Chief of the Prophets and beloved of
Allah the Almighty; after him the claim of Prophethood is
transgression and following of Satan.
   (Sharhut-Tahavia Fil Aqa'idatus Salfiah, P. 15, Egypt)

Allama Ibn-e-Hazam of Spain (384-456 A.H.) says that surely
the line of Prophethood is finished up after Prophet
Muhammad(SAW), because there is no more Revelations
(wahi) from Allah(SWT) and Allah has already declared that
Prophet Muhammad(SAW) is not the father of any man
among you but that he is the Prophet of Allah and the Seal of
Prophets.   (Al-Mohalli, P. 26, Vol. 1)

Imam Ghazali (450-505 A.H.) has written that the unanimous
opinion of the entire Ummah is that by the Hadith "Laa-Nabi
Ba'di" , the Prophet(SAW) meant that after him neither any
Nabi will come nor any Rasool.  The Ummah is also unanimous
on this point that there is no scope of any other meaning or
exception to it.
   (Al-Iqtisaad Fil Eteqaad, Al-Matba-a-Tul Adabia, P. 114, Egypt)

Qazi Ayaz (D. 544 A.H.) is of the opinion that anyone who claims to
be a Prophet (after Prophet Muhammad(SAW)) or says that he is
getting Revelations from Allah(SWT) is a Kafir.
   (Shifa, P. 270, Vol. 2)

    "..Similarly, anyone who claims to be a Prophet with of after our Holy
     Prophet(SAW) .... or claims prophethood for himself or thinks that
    receiving prophethood is permitted or thinks that anyone can reach
    the status of prophethood through the purity of heart .... Similarly,
    anyone who claims to receive revelations, even if he does not
    clearly claims prophethood, .... All such people are Kafir, because
    they are disbelieving the Holy Prophet(SAW) who has informed us
    that He(SAW) is the Final Prophet, there won't be any Prophet after
    him, and that He(SAW) has been sent for the entire mankind.  The
    entire Ummah is united in this stance.  According to the Holy Quran,
    Sunnah, and Ajma'a (unanimity of Ummah), the Kufr of such persons
    is absolute.... Anyone who is against this consensus (jma'a) upon the
    Kofr of the claimant of prophethood is also a Kafir."

Imam Razi (543-606 A.H.) is of the opinion that the words Khatam-
an-Nabiyeen are used to show that the Sharia of Islam is complete.
The view that no prophet will come after Muahmmad(SAW) is also
more affectionate to and particular about his(SAW) Ummah and
gives the significance of the words in more details. This is like the
example of a son who has no guardian after his father.
   (Tafsir-e-Kabir, P. 581, Vol. 6, Egypt)

Allama Allauddin Khazin (D. 725 A.H.) has expressed the view that
Allah(SWT) has ended the line of Prophethood through him(SAW).
Therefore, neither there is Prophethood after him, nor any other
Prophet during his own time.  Indeed, Ibn-e-Abbas has said that
God has declared there will be no Prophet after him(SAW).
   (Tafsir-e-Khazin, P. 218, Vol. 5, Egypt)
Allama Mohammad Bin Yakoob Ferozabadi has interpreted these
words to mean that Allah(SWT) has ended the line of Prophethood
through him(SAW).  Therefore, after him, there will be no New
   (Tafsir Ibn-e-Abbas, P. 262, Egypt)

Allama Suleman Bin Umar Bin Jama (D. 1204 A.H.) has stated
that "It is in the knowledge of Allah, who has complete knowledge
of all things, that there will be no Prophet after Prophet
   (Al-Futuhaatul Ilahiya, P. 442, Vol. 3, Egypt)

Allama Muhammad Sharbeeni Khatib says that Prophet
Muhammad(SAW) is the end of all Prophets. He(SAW) has
ended the line of Prophethood, because his message is for
the entire world and the Holy Quran is his miracle.  After him,
then, there is no need for a new prophet....  The meaning of
Khatam-an-Nabiyeen is that after Hazrat Muhammad(SAW),
there will be no Prophet with New Sharia, and there will be no
Prophethood after him.  The declaration that he is not the father
of any man also proves that there will be no Prophets after him.
   (Tafsir Sirajul Munir, P. 252, Vol. 3, Lucknow)

More quotations at:
Idara Dawat-o-Irshad, USA Inc.

eGroup home: http://www.eGroups.com/list/qadianism