[qadianism] Re: The Finality of Prophethood - Guidance of the Messenger of Allah(SAW)
By Farhan Qureshi @yahoo.com

The so called Finality of Prophethood


          "Thou will never find a change, a deviation, in the practice of Allah"
                               (Al Quran 35:43) 

        Many Muslims today follow what is known as the finality of Prophethood
        with the Holy Prophet of Islam, Muhammad Mustufa (saw) being the final
        and last prophet in whom no prophet can come after. A major reason of this
        idea is because in the Holy Quran chapter 33 verse 40, it speaks of
        Muhammad (saw) as the Seal of Prophets or otherwise, Al Khatuman
        Nabiyyan. It has been put agianst the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam that
        because we do not interpret the verse as they do we do not believe in it.
        First of all we should see what the scholors or Companions of the Holy
        Prophet (saw) interperate the so called finality of Prophethood? 

        A well known scholor, Hadhrat Abu Abdullah Muhammadd bin Ali Hussain
        Al Hakam of Tirmidhi has said: 

        "How can the glory and superiority of Muhammad (saw) be manifested
        if we claim that he was the last in time to appear in the world? This is
        no doubt, an interpretation of the foolish and the ignorant." (Kitab
        Khatamal Auliya p. 341) 

        Shah Waliullah Muhaddas of Delhi writes: 

        "Muhammad (saw) was the last of the Prophets in the sense that there
        will appear no one after him to promulgate a new law for the people.
        (Tafheemat-i-Ilahiyya, pg. 53) 

        Syed Abdul Qadir Jeelani stated: 

        "The prophetic law is finished and completed with the Holy Prophet
        because he was the called Al Khatuman Nabiyyan." (Al-Insanul Kamil
        ch. 36) 

        Maulana Abdul Haye of Lukhnow says: 

        "It is Not impossible that a new prophet may appear during or after the
        age of Muhammad but bringing of a new code of religion is an absolute
        impossiblity." (Dafi-ul-Wasawis fee Asr ibn Abbas pg. 12) 

        Hadhrat Sheik Ahmad Sirhindhi has said: 

        "The attainment of high characteristics of prophethood by way of
        obiedience and inheritence after the coming of the Khatuman Nabiyyin
        is not against being Khatam." (Maktoobat Ima Rabbani pg. 432) 

        Sheikul Akbar Muyud Din Ibn Arabi also states: 

        "The prophethood which has ceased the Prophet of God (saw) is only
        the prophethood with law and not the status of prophethod. So there
        will be no other institute added to it. So Prophethood has not completly
        disappeared." (Futoohati Makkiyya vol.2 pgs. 3 and 64) 

        Hadhrat Shah Wali Ullah of Delhi writes: 

        "From the sayings of the Holy Prophet la Nabiyyat B'adi and la Rasool,
        we came to understand that prophethood that has ceased the Holy
        Prophet is the Law-bearing prophethood." (Qirat Ainai Fi Tafadhulul
        Shaikhain, pg. 39) 

        Mullah Ali al Qari has stated: 

        "According to the Ulema the words La Nabiyya Badee mean that no
        prophet shall be raised who shall abrogate the Law of the Holy Prophet
        (saw)" (Al Isha at Fi Ashraqatus Saat pg. 226) 

        Maulana Rum has stated: 

        He was the Khatam because no one in generosity, Has ever been like
        him before nor shall ever be. When an artisan excels to the exellence in
        his craft, Do you not say to him that the craftmenship has now come to
        an end?" (Mathnavi Maulana Rum ch. 6) 

        Hadhrat Maulvi Abul Qasem Nanotvi stated: 

        "In the conception of the masses the Holy Prophet (saw) was Khatam in
        the sense that he came after all the other prophets and he was the last
        prophet of all. But it is evident that in the estimation of the wise no
        superiority whatever attaches to precedence in time or its reverse."
        (Tah-zirunnas, Saharanpur pg3) 

        The Holy Prophet's Wife, Hadhart Aaiysha also has spoken on this subject: 

        "Say that he is Al Khatuman Nabiyyan (the Seal of Prophets) but do not
        say he is the last of all Prophets." (Takmala Majma ul Bihar pg.188;
        and Manthur) 

        There are so many more sayings of Companions let me just write down the
        references to them for now: 

        Imam Muhammad Tahir Gujrati also says the same thing Takmala Majma
        ul Bihar pg. 85) 
        Imam Sha'araani as well supports the same notion. (Al Yawaqeet Wal
        Jawahir, vol.2 pg.22) 
        Nawab Siddique Hasan Khan as well (Iqtarabus Saa pg. 162) 
        Imam Soyooti as well writes simular (Durr-i-Mansoor) 
        Shiek Hadhrat Moyiudin Ibn Arabi further comments on it more (Fatuhaati
        Makkiyya vol.1 pg 545) Note: he has stated it twice in the same book. 
        Hadhrat Maulvi Abul Qasem Nanotvi, the renowned founder of Deoband
        Academy stated it as well (Tah zirunnas, Saharanpur, pg.3) 

        So as we come to the conclusion of these great scholors, we should see that
        the prophethood which has ended with the Holy Prophet (saw) as Khatuman
        Nabiyyin, is only the prophethood with law, prophethood can come as long
        as the prophet serves his purpose which is to guide mankind to the correct
        path. But lets not end it there we forgot the sayings of the Holy Prophet
        Muhammad (saw) as well, so: 

        The Holy Prophet (saw) states: 

        " Had Ibhrahim (his son) Lived he would have been a truthful Prophet."
        (Ibn Mahja vol.1 pg. 237; Khitab ul Janiaz) 

        This Hadith has been further elaborated on by a Companion: 
        Mullah Ali Al Qari states: 

        "If Ibhrahim had lived and had become a Prophet and in the same way
        Umar had become a Prophet, both would have been followers of the
        Holy Prophet (saw) like Jesus khizr and Ilyas. So it would not contridict
        the word of God Al Khatuman Nabiyyan, because its meaning is that
        there will not come a Prophet who cancels his law and who is not from
        his followers." (Mauzuate Kabir pg. 69)  

        So we see the true meaning of The Holy Prophet being Khatam here and the
        meaning of the Hadith stated above. The only question is who would be a
        Prophet if there was one to come? That is when the Holy Prophet (saw)

        "The Promised Messiah will be a Prophet of God." (Muslim vol.2 pg.

        So we see that it will be the Promised Messiah to be a Prophet of God!!!! 

        Also the Holy Prophet has stated:

        "Abu Baker is best of men after me if a prophet should appear." (Kanul

        This Hadith is obviously stating that if an other Prophet should come, Abu
        Baker will be the best person to do so; thus saying a prophet can come after
        him (saw); Although he was not chosen by God to become one so he became
        the first Khalifa-e-Rashideen 

        There are also other places where the word Khatam (Seal) are used, for
        example, The Holy Prophet (saw) has called his unlce
        Khatam-ul-Muhajireen (Kanzul Ummal, vol. VI, pg. 178) The meaning of
        this statement in Seal of refugees, now does this mean that his uncle Abbas,
        shall be the last of all refugees??? In the same sense Hazrat Ali is mentioned
        as Khatam-ul-Auliya (Tafsir Safi); Ibn Khalduun says this phrase refers to
        him as a perfect saint and not the last (Muqaddama vol.2 pgs. 165-167).
        Als oin the same sense Abu Tamam, an Arab poet was called
        Khatam-us-Shuara (Wafiyatul Aayan Li Ibn Khallikan, vol.1 p 123,
        Cairo), now was Abu Tamam the last poet? Thus the word Khatam can be
        interpreted as a perfect or a greatest of a certain entitlment. 

        An other proof that there is no finality of Prophethood is from two Hadithes
        of the Holy Prophet, when he says: 

        "I am the last of the prophets, and you are the last of the peoples."

        From this the Holy Prophet (saw) calls himself the last of the Prophets, and
        the Muslims the last of the peoples. Thus we can understand from this and
        the Commentry by the companions of the Holy Prophet given above, that its
        meaning is that we are the last of the peoples in the sense that no other
        religion shall come, so Muslims are the last religious group (not my words
        and commentry but the commentry of the scholors). 

Also it is has been stated: 

" And my Mosque is the last Mosque." (Muslim; Kitan ul Haj Fadlis
        Salat, pg. 531) 

Obviously you should have figured it out by now, that there is no finality of

            Allah is so Unique in His Actions 

---imam < ima-@irshad.org > wrote:
> Allah(SWT) has decreed in the holy Quran:
>     "And We never sent a messenger save with the language
>     of his folk, that he [Hazrat Muhammad(SAW)] might make
>     (the message) clear for them. Then Allah sendeth whom
>     He will astray, and guideth whom He will. He is the Mighty,
>     the Wise."  (The Holy Quran, Ibrahim 14:4)
>     "It is not fitting for a Believer, man or woman, when a matter
>     has been decided by Allah and His Messenger to have any
>     option about their decision: if any one disobeys Allah and
>     His Messenger, he is indeed on a clearly wrong Path."
>         (The Holy Quran, Al-Ahzab 33:36)
> Below, please find a few of the over two hundred hadith of the
> holy Prophet, Muhammad(SAW), in this regard.  Take heed, oh
> you who claim to believe in divinity of Islam and prophethood of
> Muhammad(SAW).  Save your souls and that of your families.
> The Messenger of Allah(SAW) said:
>     "There will arise thirty impostors in my Ummah and each one
>     of them will pronounce to the world that he is a prophet, but I
>     am the last in the line of the Prophets of God and no Prophet
>     will come after me."
>     (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi)
>     "My position in relation to the prophets who came before me
>     can be explained by the following example: A man erected a
>     building and adorned this edifice with great beauty, but he left
>     an empty niche, in the corner where just one brick was missing.
>     People looked around the building and marveled at its beauty,
>     but wondered why a brick was missing from that niche? I am
>     like unto that one missing brick and I am the last in the line of
>     the Prophets."
>     (Bukhari, Muslim,Tirmidhi, Musnad Ahmad,
>     Musnad Abu Dawud Tayalisi, Babu Khatimin-Nabiyyin)
>     "I am Muhammad, I am Ahmad, I am the effacer and infidelity
>     shall be erased through me; I am the assembler. People shall
>     be assembled on Doomsday after my time. And I am the last
>     in the sense that no prophet shall succeed me."
>     (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Muatta)
>     "We are the last (ummah) but will precede all on the Day of
>     Resurrection except that the Book was given to them before us."
>     (Bukhari, Muslim)
>     "No Prophet will come after me and there will, therefore, be
>     no other community of followers of any new Prophet."
>     (Baihaqi, Tabarani)
>     "The tribe of Israel was guided by prophets. When a prophet
>     passed away, another prophet succeeded him. But no
>     prophet will come after me; only caliphs will succeed me."
>     (Bukhari)
>     "The chain of Messengers and Prophets has come to an end.
>     There shall be no Messenger nor Prophet after me."
>     (Tirmidhi, Musnad Ahmad, Anas bin Malik)
>     "I am Muhammad, the unlettered prophet of Allah. I am
>     Muhammad, the unlettered prophet of Allah. I am Muhammad,
>     the unlettered prophet of Allah. There will be no prophet after
>     me."    (Musnad Ahmad)
>     More quotes may be found at:
>     http://www.irshad.org/idara/qadiani/knabuwat.htm
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