Glossary of Terms
The Creator of the Universe known as “God the Father” to Christians and “El” or “Yahweh” to the Jews. Allah(SWT) is singular and is not human nor part of a Trinity, as in Christianity. The Holy Quran contains around 100 beautiful names (attributes) for Allah(SWT) through which Muslims may understand and recognize the Creator of the Universe.
Literally means “Praise be to Allah” or “Thanks to Allah”.
One’s belief or way of thinking.
The obligatory late afternoon prayer.
Literally means “Peace be Upon You”. It is the expression used by Muslims to greet each other.
Literally means “I ask forgiveness from Allah”
Literally translates as a “miracle or sign”. This is the smallest unit of revelation (verse) contained in the Holy Quran.
Literally translates as “miracles or signs”. This refers to several verses in the Holy Quran.
A great liar or deceiver. (Anti-Christ)
Missionary work to invite all people to Islam.
Way of life or religion.
Human life in this world and current form.
The obligatory prayer to be offered before sunrise.
Something that every Muslim has to perform. (5 daily prayers, fasting, helping the needy, pilgrimage, etc.).
Legal opinion concerning Islamic Law.
Having a complete understanding of Islamic jurisprudence.
Translates into “civil strife, war, riot, or satanic act”.
This word literally means “sayings” and could refer to the recorded quotes of anyone. Usually, it is the title given to the collection of recorded words and actions of the prophet Muhammad(SAW) which serve as an explanation of the meaning of the Holy Quran (the way Prophet(SAW) taught it). Some well-known collectors of Hadith are Imam Al-Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam An-Nasa’i, Imam Abu Dawood, Imam At-Tirmizi, and Imam Majah.
The mandatory pilgrimage to Mekkah during a predefined period of time. Each Muslim, who has the means, is required to perform this trip at least once in his/her life time.
Something lawful or permitted in Islam.
Something unlawful or forbidden in Islam.
Imam is a religious scholar or someone very knowledgeable about Islam who leads the congressional prayers.
In Sha Allah
“If Allah wills” or “I pray that Allah wills”.
Literally means “Submission to the Creator of the Universe”. In this context, Islam is the only religion recognized by God. Its message (There is no Deity but God) was the same Message delivered by all Prophets. This divine religion was completed with revelations (Quran) given to the last Prophet Muhammad(SAW) of Arabia.
Literally means “May Allah reward you for your good deed.”
To strive hard for a better way of life or to fight to defend one’s life, property, freedom, and religion. It can also refer to attempt to free other people from oppression and tyranny. Islam strongly opposes Kidnapping, Terrorism, or hijacking against civilian targets, even at the time of war.
It translates into “The Finality of Prophethood”. It is the Quranic message to humanity that the Prophet Muhammad(SAW) of Arabia was the last Prophet or Messanger commissioned by Allah(SWT) to humanity.
The religious and political head of the state for the Muslims.
Plural of Kafir meaning “Unbelievers”.
La Ilaha Illallah
Literally means “There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah“.
The obligatory prayer to be offered right after sunset.
The place of worship and prayer. Also called “Mosque“.
A Muslim with deep devotion and belief in Allah(SWT) and Islam.
The place of worship and prayer. Also called “Masjid“.
The last Messenger of God to humanity. He was the last of the Prophets in a line which included such great prophets as Abraham, Noah, Moses, Jesus(pbut). No new Prophets or Messengers will ever be sent to humanity. Muhammad(SAW) was a direct descendant of Abraham(pbuh).
A Hypocrite Muslim who will be punished worst than an Unbeliever in the hereafter.
The name given to the followers of the divine religion of Islam. This name was first used by Abraham who is recognized as the father of Islam.
People of the Book
This is the term used by God in the holy Quran to refer collectively to the Jews and Christians.
The infallible holy book of the Muslims. It contains the word of God in its original form and without any modifications. Refuting one single verse if the Holy Quran is equivalent to denouncing one’s faith.
This Acronym for “Radhiallahu anhu” is used when referring to close companions of the Prophet(SAW). It translates into “May Allah be pleased with him or her.”
One the five formal and required daily prayers to be offered by all Muslims.
Abstinence from food, drink, and bad habits, acts, or words from sunrise to sunset for an entire month. Fasting is required from all Muslims who are not ill.SeerahA recount of the life and accomplishments of the Holy Prophet of Islam.
This is the Acronym for “Subhanahu wa ta’ala” meaning “Allah is pure of having partners and He is exalted from having a son.”
The learned Muslim scholars.
The community of Muslims.
Purification (ablution) to be done prior to reading Quran or offering formal prayers.